Defendants During 92nd Day of Nuremberg Testimony

The former Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop (April 30, 1893 - October 16, 1946) leans in front of the former Stellvertreter des Fuhrers (Deputy to Adolf Hitler) Rudolf Hess (April 26, 1894 - August 17, 1987) to talk to his defense attorney, Doctor Martin Horn, who had replaced Ribbentrop's first counsel, Fritz Sauter, on January 6, 1946. Former Reichsmarschall Hermann Goering (January 12, 1893 - October 15, 1946), talks with Kriegsmarine (German Navy) Grossadmiral (Grand Admiral) Karl Doenitz (September 16, 1891 - December 24, 1980). Goering thought Hess was insane and was agitated by having to sit next to him. His request to be moved was denied. The International Military Tribunal was in the second day of hearing testimony from Gustav Adolf Steengracht von Moyland (1902-1969), the Secretary of State in the Auswartiges Amt (Foreign Ministry) from 1943 to 1945. Steengracht claimed that he and Ribbentrop forestalled anti-Jewish policies through delaying actions in the Foreign Ministry. Colonel Harry J. Phillimore, Junior Counsel for the United Kingdom, pointed out inconsistencies in Steengracht's testimony from the day before; Steengracht was attempting to say he and Ribbentrop were following Hitler's orders. Phillimore turned that around, insinuating that if Ribbentrop was Hitler's "tool," then he was a loyal and violent Nazi who approved of the genocidal policies of the administration. Steengracht was himself convicted as a war criminal in the "Ministries Trial" (or, officially, The United States of America vs. Ernst von Weizsäcker, et al.) the indictment of the staff of the Foreign Ministry. Sentenced on April 13, 1949 to seven years in prison, reduced to five years on December 12, 1949, Steengracht was released in 1950.
Caption Written By: 
Jason McDonald
United States Army
Date Photographed: 
Wednesday, March 27, 1946