The Netherlands in World War II

The Germans attacked The Netherlands on May 10, 1940 to provide access to France to bypass the Maginot Line and entice the Allies to cross the border to attack their spearhead in Belgium. Within five days they had surrendered. After the surrender, the same day, a bombing mission could not be recalled and killed 40,000 in Rotterdam.

Dutch citizens endured a brutal occupation. The Gestapo was grimly successful in routing the Jewish population of Holland and sending them to death in the concentration camps.

Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands evacuated to London and formed a government-in-exile. The Dutch colonies in the Pacific continued to provide resources for the Allies until the Japanese attacked in December 1941. In March 1942 the Dutch Admiral Kar l Doorman led the ABDA naval units in a losing battle against superior Japanese forces. He was killed when his cruiser, the DeReuyter, was sunk.

Dutch submarines continued to harass the Japanese throughout the war in conjunction with the American submarine blockade of Japan. Other Dutch warships served in the Atlantic.

Montgomery invaded Holland and Belgium as part of Operation Market-Garden in September 1944, but he failed to complete all of his objectives. The Winter of 1944 for very hard on the Dutch. They were left to starve by a German Army that could barely supply their own troops. Thousands died of starvation. Canadian, American and British troops held a fairly static front in Holland until the end of European hostilities in May 1945.

In the Pacific, the Dutch contribution to victory over Japan was mitigated by their dependence on Britain and America for arms and supplies. But they formed an important part of the Allied Navies in the Pacific during the darkest years.

Internet Links

History of the Netherlands (1939-1945) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Military history of the Netherlands during World War II - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dutch Submarines : The Submarines of the Royal Netherlands Navy


Holocaust and Resistance in World War II Netherlands

Dutch Resistance Museum

BOSS: Origin and history.

Information about BOSS and RS of the RDLF: arise, history, tradition and present Regiment.

Air Battle over Holland May 1940 - Luchtoorlog boven Nederland mei 1940
Air Battle of the small Dutch Air force against Hermann Goerings mighty German Luftwaffe in May 1940

Dutch Underground Press During World War II - EuroDocs

Anne Frank House

Anne Frank In the World - Teacher Workbook - Utah Education Network

Kamp Amersfoort of Polizeiliches Durchgangslager

Welkom bij het Museum 1939-1945

Origins Unknown

A Forgotten Chapter: Holland Under the Third Reich

Anne Frank-Fonds | NEWS

Anne Frank Museum Amsterdam - the official Anne Frank House website

What inspired the Diary of Anne Frank? How the Diary has inspired others

The Dutch Resistance and the OSS

The Dutch Underground and the Stoottroepers
World War II photographs from Germany, Holland and Indonesia. Learn about the Dutch Underground, Stoottroepen, see the real faces of war

The High Price of Hunger

Radio at Home - Radio in Occupied Holland 1940-1945

They Won't Allow Japan to Push the 'Comfort Women' Aside
- When Fidel Ramos, the Philippine president, visits Japan next month he will say a number of things that Tokyo wants to hear from its Asian neighbors. He will lend support to a call by Prime Minister Kiichi Miyazawa for a political and security dialogue

Australian sex slave seeks apology - National -
A Dutch Australian woman forced into sexual slavery by the Japanese during World War II will seek an apology. -