On December 10, 1941, the 400-man garrison on Guam was overwhelmed by 5,000 Naval Marines of the Imperial Japanese Navy in a few hours of fighting. Guam would not be the scene of fighting again until 1944.
By that time, the US Pacific Fleet had made good their losses at Pearl Harbor and even their losses in the Solomons. It is testimony to American industry that while landings were made in Normandy, another fleet was anchored off Guam in the Marianas.
The landings began on July 21, 1944. The Americans, again using a combined Army and Marine force, ran into heavy fire on the beach. The fighting was savage, with the next two days seeing a slow march inland by the invading Americans.
On the night of July 25-26, 5000 Japanese charged the American lines, which resulted in the death of over 2500 Japanese. The Americans both dreaded and welcomed expected Banzai charges, which often speeded up the occupation as they killed most defenders in open ground instead of prepared defensive positions. Assaulting concrete bunkers always meant more casualties.
Seabees, construction battalions that could fight with the landing force, began constructing the airfields that the B-29s would use to burn Japan's cities. Eventually thousands of aircraft of all types would be based in the Marianas.
Japanese survivors that escaped into the jungle continued to harass the Americans. The last Japanese soldier on Guam did not surrender until the 1970's.
USS Enterprise CV-6: 1944
History of USS Enterprise CV-6, 'the carrier that fought most through the entire war', in 1944
www.warofourfathers.com WW II, Pearl Harbor, Eastman Kodak & Enola Gay. Guadalcanal, Truk Lagoon, Iwo Jima, Tinian Peleliu, Jimmy Doolittle, Senator John McCain & Stephen E. Ambrose.
War in the Pacific NHP: Liberation - Guam Remembers
A HREF="http://usskidd.com/remem-661WW2-g.html" ADD_DATE="1174014998" LAST_CHARSET="windows-1252" ID="rdf:#$o0pm5">USS KIDD (DD-661) -- "Remember Back When" Archives
Heroes of Guam
Stories and details on heroes of Guam in World War II who were recognized with the Congressional Medal of Honor.
HyperWar: USMC Monograph--The Recapture of Guam
'The Recapture of Guam' (USMC Historical Monograph), by Major O.R. Lodge, USMC. (Historical Branch, G-3 Division, Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps: 1954).